## Monday, June 30, 2014

### Indeterminate Form - Infinity Over Infinity, 4

Category: Differential Calculus, Algebra

"Published in Vacaville, California, USA"

Evaluate

Solution:

To get the value of a given function, let's substitute the value of x to the above equation, we have

Since the answer is ∞/∞, then it is an Indeterminate Form which is not accepted as a final answer in Mathematics. We have to do something first in the given equation so that the final answer will be a real number, rational, or irrational number.

Method 1:

Since the answer is Indeterminate Form, then we have to divide both sides of the fraction by a term with the highest degree which is x2 and simplify the given equation as follows

Substitute the value of x to the above equation, we have

Therefore,

Method 2:

Another method of solving Indeterminate Form is by using L'Hopital's Rule. This is the better method especially if the rational functions cannot be factored. L'Hopitals Rule is applicable if the Indeterminate Form is either 0/0 or ∞/∞. Let's apply the L'Hopital's Rule to the given function by taking the derivative of numerator and denominator with respect to x as follows

Substitute the value of x to the above equation, we have

Again, apply the L'Hopital's Rule to the above equation, we have

Did you notice that the final equation is similar to the original equation? If you will continue this process, there will be an endless repetition of the process. Instead, let's consider the equation after the first application of L'Hopital's Rule as follows

Let's rewrite the right side of the equation by including the numerator into the radical at the denominator as follows

Perform the division of polynomials inside the radical, we have

Substitute the value of x to the above equation, we have

Therefore,

## Sunday, June 29, 2014

### Indeterminate Form - Zero Over Zero, 8

Category: Differential Calculus, Trigonometry

"Published in Vacaville, California, USA"

Evaluate

Solution:

To get the value of a given function, let's substitute the value of x to the above equation, we have

Since the answer is 0/0, then it is an Indeterminate Form which is not accepted as a final answer in Mathematics. We have to do something first in the given equation so that the final answer will be a real number, rational, or irrational number.

Method 1:

Since the answer is Indeterminate Form, then we have to apply the double angle formula at the numerator and then simplify as follows

Substitute the value of x to the above equation, we have

Therefore,

Method 2:

Another method of solving Indeterminate Form is by using L'Hopital's Rule. This is the better method especially if the rational functions cannot be factored. L'Hopitals Rule is applicable if the Indeterminate Form is either 0/0 or ∞/∞. Let's apply the L'Hopital's Rule to the given function by taking the derivative of numerator and denominator with respect to x as follows

Substitute the value of x to the above equation, we have

Therefore,

## Saturday, June 28, 2014

### Indeterminate Form - Combined, 3

Category: Differential Calculus, Algebra

"Published in Vacaville, California, USA"

Evaluate

Solution:

To get the value of a given function, let's substitute the value of x to the above equation, we have

Since the answer is (∞ - ∞)/∞ , then it is an Indeterminate Form which is not accepted as a final answer in Mathematics. We cannot use the L'Hopital's Rule because the Indeterminate form is (∞ - ∞)/∞. L'Hopital's Rule is applicable if the Indeterminate Form is either 0/0 or ∞/∞. We have to do something first in the given equation so that the Indeterminate Form becomes 0/0 or ∞/∞.

Since the third degree polynomials in the numerator and denominator have no factors or cannot be factored, then we have to divide both sides of the fraction by the highest degree variable which is x3 as follows

Substitute the value of x to the above equation, we have

Therefore,

## Friday, June 27, 2014

### Indeterminate Form - Zero Over Zero, 7

Category: Differential Calculus, Algebra

"Published in Newark, California, USA"

Evaluate

Solution:

To get the value of a given function, let's substitute the value of x to the above equation, we have

Since the answer is 0/0, then it is an Indeterminate Form which is not accepted as a final answer in Mathematics. We have to do something first in the given equation so that the final answer will be a real number, rational, or irrational number.

Method 1:

Since the answer is Indeterminate Form, then we have to factor the numerator and denominator if they can and then simplify as follows

Substitute the value of x to the above equation, we have

Therefore,

Method 2:

Another method of solving Indeterminate Form is by using L'Hopital's Rule. This is the better method especially if the rational functions cannot be factored. L'Hopitals Rule is applicable if the Indeterminate Form is either 0/0 or ∞/∞. Let's apply the L'Hopital's Rule to the given function by taking the derivative of numerator and denominator with respect to x as follows

Substitute the value of x to the above equation, we have

Therefore,